Disputes about cannabidiol oil for medical purposes are still ongoing. There is some confusion as to what this oil actually is and how it affects the human body.
Cannabidiol (CBD or CBD) may be beneficial to health, but we must not forget about the possible risk.
WHAT IS CBD OIL? CBD
is the name of a compound found in cannabis. This is one of the many found in plants that are called cannibinoids. The beneficial or harmful properties of the oil depend on the concentration of the CBD contained in it.
ARE CBD AND MARIJUANA THE SAME THING?
CBD oil is cannabinoid derived from a cannabis plant. Until recently, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) was the best known compound in cannabis . It is the most active ingredient in marijuana. Marijuana contains both THC and CBD, but these compounds have different effects. TGC, breaking down under the influence of high temperature during smoking, changes the human mind, while CBD is not a psychoactive substance. This means that its use does not change the state of mind. Nevertheless, it is capable of producing significant changes in the body and is used in medicine. Most of the CBD used for medicinal purposes is contained in the least processed form of the cannabis plant, known as hemp. Hemp and marijuana are different substances , although they come from the same plant, hemp sativa.
Farmers engaged in the cultivation of marijuana, specially bred plants with a high content of THC and other compounds in order to achieve a certain smell or effect that the plant will have. Farmers who grow cannabis do not try to change its characteristics. Such plants are used to create oil from CBD.
HOW DOES CBD WORK?
All cannabinoids, including CBD, interact with certain receptors in the human body, which are called CB1 and CB2. The CB1 receptors are located throughout the body, but most of them are located in the brain. These receptors interact with coordination, movement, pain, emotions, mood, thinking, appetite and memories. CB2 receptors are mainly present in the immune system. They have an effect on inflammation and pain.
POTENTIAL HEALTH BENEFITS CBD
oil can be applied orally, rubbed into the skin, inhaled with steam or administered intravenously.
NATURAL ANALGESIC OR ANTI-INFLAMMATORY PROPERTIES
It is believed that CBD is a more natural alternative to existing painkillers. A study published in the journal Experimental Medicine found that CBD can significantly reduce chronic inflammation or pain. Researchers suggest that CBD may become a new treatment for chronic pain. Already, it is actively used to eliminate chronic pain associated with multiple sclerosis or fibromyalgia.
DEALING WITH ADDICTIONS
There is encouraging evidence that the use of CBD helps to quit smoking . An experimental study, published in the journal Addictive Behaviors, showed that smokers who used an inhaler containing a compound of CBD smoked fewer cigarettes and did not experience any additional addictions to nicotine. Another similar study, published in Neurotherapeutics, has shown that CBD can help people who abuse opioids get rid of their addiction. The researchers noted that some of the symptoms experienced by patients with disorders associated with the use of psychoactive substances can be reduced with the help of CBD. These include anxiety, mood swings, pain and insomnia.
EPILEPSY AND OTHER MENTAL HEALTH DISORDERS
CBD is also being studied for its possible role in the treatment of epilepsy and neuropsychiatric disorders . In a review on epilepsy, it is noted that CBD has anti-inflammatory properties in combination with a low risk of side effects for people with epilepsy. Studies on the effects of CBD on neurological disorders suggest that it can help treat many diseases associated with epilepsy, such as neurodegeneration or neuronal damage. Another study has shown that CBD can be safe and effective in treating patients with schizophrenia.
HELPS FIGHT CANCER
In a review published in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, it is noted that CBD, spreading through the body, enters the tumor and blocks cancer cells, inhibiting their growth. The researchers note that due to the low level of toxicity, CBD can be an effective method of treating cancer.
Patients with chronic anxiety are often advised to avoid cannabis, since THC can cause or increase anxiety and paranoia in some people. However, a review from Neurotherapeutics suggests that CBD helps reduce anxiety experienced by people with certain anxiety disorders, namely:
Post traumatic stress disorder;
General anxiety disorder;
Social anxiety disorder;
Obsessive compulsive disorder;
Panic attacks Social anxiety disorder;
Obsessive compulsive disorder.
The review notes that medications that are traditionally used to treat these disorders can lead to additional symptoms and side effects. In the case of CBD, no adverse effects were identified, so the researchers are urged to study CBD as a potential treatment method.
TYPE 1 DIABETES
A recent study in clinical hemorheology and microcirculation has shown that CBD helps relieve pancreatic inflammation in type 1 diabetes , which can be the first step in creating a new treatment for type 1 diabetes with the help of CBD.
The appearance of acne is often associated with inflammation and fatigue of the sebaceous glands. A recent study published in the Journal of Clinical Investigation found that CBD helps reduce sebum production, which leads to skin problems.
A study published in the journal Alzheimer’s Disease showed that CBD, to some extent, was able to prevent the development of the disease. CBD prevents the loss of the ability to recognize the faces of familiar people in the early stages of Alzheimer’s disease.
POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS AND HEALTH RISKS
The researchers found no significant side effects from the central nervous system. The only, most frequent side effect is fatigue. Some people have reported diarrhea and changes in appetite or weight. At the moment, there is not much information about the safety of long-term use of CBD, and the effect of CBD has not been tested on children. Before use, the patient should discuss the possibility of using CBD, like any other new or alternative treatment option, with a qualified physician.